Lyme disease is brought prompted by the bacterium Borrelia garinii, which is a member of the Borrelia genus. Despite over 300,000 cases of it reported annually in the US alone, it is the most prevalent tickborne illness in the northern region of the world.

Additionally, it is the widespread Borrelia sp. that is present in Asia and Europe, where humans contract it from tick bites. The bacterium can live and stay in a variety of hosts, including humans and the vector tick, due to its intricate life cycle. Following sickness, B. garinii can result in a variety of Lyme disease symptoms, such as fever, exhaustion, headaches, and the recognisable bull’s-eye rash. It can also spread to other areas of the body if left untreated.

To meet this challenge and raise the effectiveness as well as security of Lyme disease treatment, novel treatments and target discoveries are essential. Many enzymes produced by B. garinii enable it to subvert the host innate defenses and cause a prolonged illness. Inhibitors made from small molecules could focus on these enzymes in the hope to stop them from surviving in the host bodies. 

One tactic is to use subtractive proteomics to target vital protein and gene expression that are required for its survival and replication. A potent strategy for identifying novel targets for therapy from the central region that comprises the genome is to use complementary techniques such as pan-proteomics. The use of computational simulation and modeling in in-silico approaches holds enormous potential for quick therapeutic area discovery and inhibitor creation.

The creation of new antibiotics that are efficient versus the bacteria that cause Lyme disease, that include Borrelia garinii, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Borrelia afzelii, is desperately needed. To do this, it is necessary to find novel targets for treatment and create inhibitors that can efficiently and specifically block these particular targets. A wealth of innovative drug development leads for the treatment of B. garinii can be found in marine chemicals. These chemicals could be studied both in-vivo and in-vitro.