Obesity is a metabolic disorder in which body fat increases excessively. This leads to other metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases and chronic diseases.

Management of obesity

The weight management can be done by healthy eating plan, regular physical activity, weight-management programs, weight-loss medicines, weight-loss devices, bariatric surgery, special diets, etc. Overweight and obesity can be treated by losing weight through healthy eating, being more physically active and making other changes to usual habits. Weight-management programs may help some people lose weight or keep from regaining lost weight. Some people who have obesity are unable to lose enough weight to improve their health or are unable to stop regaining weight. In such cases, a doctor may consider adding other treatments, including weight-loss medicines, weight-loss devices or bariatric surgery.

Healthy diet

Following a healthy eating plan with fewer calories is often the first step in trying to treat obesity.

Physical activity

Overweight or obese people should follow regular physical activity along with healthy eating plan which can be done by a plan, effort, regular support and patience. Tracking progress using online food or physical activity trackers, such as the body weight planner, can help keep track of the foods eat, physical activity and weight. These tools may help to follow weight loss plan and stay motivated. Setting a specific goal is helpful in keeping track. Family, friends, or health care professionals support can be taken for help or encouragement. 

Weight management programs

Some individuals are benefited from a weight-management program. In a weight-management program, the professionals plan lower-calorie diet, increased physical activity and help in changing lifestyle. One can follow online weight management program or can consult professionals. 

Weight loss devices

The weight loss devices are electrical stimulation system, gastric balloon system, gastric emptying system, etc. There are various approved weight loss devices but there are no long-term data on their safety and effectiveness. 

Weight loss medicine

If healthy eating and physical activity habits are not sufficient, doctor may suggest medicines to treat obesity. Doctor should be consulted before picking any dietary supplements or herbal remedies for weight loss.


Bariatric surgery comprises numerous kinds of operations which help to lose weight by creating changes to digestive system. Bariatric surgery is done in case of extreme obesity which is not manageable or if someone gain back the weight after losing with other treatments. Bariatric surgery is also done for lower levels of obesity in case of serious health problems, for example, type 2 diabetes or sleep apnea caused by obesity.

Special diet

A lower-calorie diet, i.e., 1,200 to 1,500 calories a day for women and 1,500 to 1,800 calories a day for men is recommended. The level of calorie depends on body weight and physical activity level of an individual. A low-calorie diet with a variety of healthy foods should give the nutrients for staying healthy. Intermittent fasting that comprises of a “fast day” (eating no calories to one-fourth of caloric requirements) alternating with a day of unrestricted eating or a “fed day”. Although, there are no long-term data on the safety and effectiveness of intermittent fasting for long-term weight management.

Advantage of weight loss professionals suggest losing 5 to 10 percent of body weight in the first 6 months of treatment may help reducing overweight related health problems and health problems caused due to overweight and obesity. Weight management control and prevent hyperlipidaemia, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiorespiratory failure and other chronic degenerative diseases.