Dengue Fever : Facts, Sign & Symptoms
Dengue Fever: Facts, Sign & Symptoms
Dengue fever (breakbone fever) is a disease transmitted by mosquito bites.
Fast facts on dengue fever
● Here are some key points about dengue fever.
● Dengue is transmitted by the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, which are found throughout the world.
● Around 2.5 billion people or 40 percent of the world’s population, live in areas where there is a risk of dengue transmission.
● Dengue is endemic in at least 100 countries in Asia, the Pacific, the Americas, Africa, and the Caribbean.
● Symptoms usually begin 4 to 7 days after the mosquito bite and typically last 3 to 10 days.
● Effective treatment is possible if a clinical diagnosis is made early.
Signs and symptoms
● aching muscles and joints
● Body rash that can disappear and then reappear
● High fever
● Intense headache
● Pain behind the eyes
● vomiting and feeling nauseous
● Symptoms usually disappear after a week, and mild dengue rarely involves serious or fatal complications.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever
● bleeding from the mouth, gums, or nose
● Clammy skin
● Damage to lymph and blood vessels
● Internal bleeding, which can lead to black vomit and feces, or stools
● A lower number of platelets in the blood
● Sensitive stomach
● Small blood spots under the skin
● Weak pulse
● without prompt treatment, DHF can be fatal.
Dengue shock syndrome
● Intense stomach pain
● Sudden hypotension, or a fast drop in blood pressure
● heavy bleeding
● regular vomiting
● blood vessels leaking fluid